“Everything in moderation.” Indeed, one of our founding fathers, Benjamin Franklin, expounded on the virtues of moderation. But what does “moderation” really mean?
Heart disease runs in my family and everyday, I am reminded of, saddened, and humbled by its ramifications. We may believe we’re doing everything right–eating a balanced diet and working out–but there is still more confusion and contradicting expert opinions than clear and hard evidence. How much is related to genetics vs. diet and lifestyle is still unknown. It is difficult, if not impossible, to surmise what a moderate level of a substance or activity when it comes to certain ingredients in our food supply.
When I lived in New York City, I went to a sushi restaurant in downtown Manhattan with some friends, one of whom claimed that sushi is “healthy” and then emphatically stated, “Everything in moderation.” I am aware that most restaurants likely are using genetically modified organisms (GMO) and artificial ingredients in their food. At sushi restaurants, I am especially concerned about GMO salmon, GMO soy-based products, and artificial flavors or colors. Not to mention that I am even more leery of the freshness and quality of raw fish. There has also been some news about restaurants swapping tuna and salmon for lower-quality, cheap fish (and a lot of these fish have been farm-raised on GMO feed and antibiotics). So, while I ate my spicy tuna roll without a peep for the sake of being social, a very small part of my brain was freaking out and quietly screaming, “How can GMO salmon be okay in moderation? Why don’t people know what is in their food? What is moderation?”
When it comes to most restaurant items, unless the restaurant specifies otherwise, there is no way to determine the quality of the food and whether it has GMOs or artificial ingredients. These ingredients have been linked to heart disease, cancer and obesity and have zero nutritional value.* However, there is still much debate on the (1) effect and (2) amount of these ingredients that contribute to disease.
Thus, a “moderate” amount of these ingredients in our diet cannot be reasonably estimated. In other words, a safe level of consumption (if any) cannot be determined with the current data and research. We cannot say with any level of certainty that any amount of GMO and artificial ingredients are safe once a week, once a month or once a year. Given the lack of evidence and varying opinions, my personal stance is that the consumption of any ingredients that may be linked to harm and have no nutritional value is not wise, even in moderation (whatever that entails).
I am not saying “don’t go to restaurants” or “don’t eat sushi.” I am saying that when it comes to consuming GMO and artificial ingredients (whether in sushi, soda or in any other processed foods), “moderation” is not an excuse. Perhaps “ignorance is bliss” is a more accurate philosophy because it is up to each individual to make a decision about how much risk is acceptable in keeping ourselves willfully blind of our dietary choices.
Even if a particular food has health benefits or some nutritional content, moderation is different for each person. One may be able to consume two cups of coffee a day, while another may be unable to sleep at night after consuming half a cup in the morning. One may be able to enjoy a glass of red wine every night with dinner, but half a glass of wine may be too much for another.
Moderation, it seems, is a matter of individual perspective. However, if we really wanted to be honest with ourselves, “everything in moderation” is often a guise for masking our own willful ignorance.
*See http://responsibletechnology.org/doctors-warn/, http://enhs.umn.edu/current/5103/gm/harmful.html; but see https://www.forbes.com/sites/jonentine/2014/09/17/the-debate-about-gmo-safety-is-over-thanks-to-a-new-trillion-meal-study/#18151f9c8a63; http://www.slate.com/articles/health_and_science/science/2015/07/are_gmos_safe_yes_the_case_against_them_is_full_of_fraud_lies_and_errors.html